When a baby is born with congenital heart disease, it means that they have an issue with the structure of their heart or circulatory system. Heart walls, valves, arteries, and veins close to the heart are all potential sites of congenital heart abnormalities. Some of these birth defects can be spotted on an ultrasound or fetal echocardiography performed while the baby is still in the womb. Babies exhibiting symptoms such as bluish skin at birth or who pass a simple screening test are identified as having other forms of heart abnormalities. These infants are considered high-risk. However, the prognosis for children born with heart issues is improving rapidly as a result of rapid breakthroughs in both the detection and treatment of congenital cardiac disease. Your child can be evaluated and assessed by Best Cardiologist in Brooklyn. Doral Health and Wellness has the best cardiology doctors at East of New York.
● Tetralogy of Fallot
This cardiac defect is rather common and is usually detected during pregnancy or shortly after birth. When the ventricular septum is abnormally oriented or positioned, it allows blood to flow freely between the heart’s left and right ventricles, a condition known as the transposition of the major arteries. The aortic valve prevents blood from flowing backward through the heart by opening directly into the aorta from the left ventricle. The result is a thickening of the right ventricle’s muscle. The degree of the problem and the urgency of treatment depend on how much blood flow is restricted to the lungs. Bacha says that the only variable in TOF situations is timing, which means that all cases will require surgical repair. In the United States and other industrialized countries, babies typically get surgery at the six-month mark.
● Abnormality of the atrial septum.
Atrial septal defects are the next most prevalent congenital cardiac defect after ventricular septal defects. When this happens, there’s an opening in the atria of the heart, chambers are divided. It depends where the hole is located on the septum, there are four different types of ASDs. Most infants with ASDs show no signs of distress.
● Ventricular septal defect.
The American Heart Association reports that this abnormality is a common type of congenital heart disease in infants. This defect is a separation of the ventricles at the bottom of the heart. Commonly, a cardiac murmur is used as a diagnostic tool. Babies and kids with VSD often show no other symptoms. More blood will circulate back and forth between the left ventricle and the lungs if the hole is larger, increasing the likelihood that the newborn may develop congestive heart failure. Babies with big VSDs often experience rapid breathing and heart rate, excessive sweating (even at rest), and problems gaining weight.
● Arteriovenous malformation or patent ductus arteriosus.
The aortic arch of a fetus with patent ductus arteriosus continues to be attached to the pulmonary artery after birth. PDA is a prevalent kind of congenital cardiac disease. This pathway provides the fetus with oxygen while still in the mother’s womb by redirecting blood flow away from the lungs. Because increased oxygen levels (achieved via the lungs) signal for its closure, this link often closes or begins to shut with a baby’s initial breath. Some children have a problem with too much blood going to their lungs because this valve does not fully seal. If left untreated, this can cause long-term, potentially permanent alterations in the pulmonary arteries if not blocked. Premature and younger infants are especially vulnerable to this heightened airflow and may not be able to breathe on their own. Some personal digital assistants are “quiet,” but they nonetheless have noticeable consequences.
The Doral Health specialist will take care of your child if you have a common congenital heart defect and your child needs professional help. Your family member can be evaluated and get treatment by our Heart Doctor Brooklyn at Doral Health and Wellness. To reach out to Doral Health and Wellness Cardiology Center, please ride a bus, train, or skyway to locate the area. The address is 1797 Pitkin Avenue, Brooklyn, NY 11212. Kindly, book an appointment with us at 347-868-1012 or you might visit our website at https://cardiologistbrooklyn.com/.